Posted by admin at April 16, 2020
In this article, we’ll be looking at the focus or object of logical analysis called arguments. You’ll learn how arguments are structured and the components that make up arguments. In future lessons, you’ll learn how to construct arguments and practice on your own.
Every science has a focal point or object of its study and the object of logic is arguments. Put another way, arguments are the way we structure our thinking.
We use the word argument in every day usage to usually mean a verbal fight. If you get in an argument with a friend, co-worker or family member, it usually means that you have some disagreement and you’re talking (or yelling) about your position and how it differs from the person you’re arguing with.
In logic, an argument takes on a much more specific purpose and has a formal structure. Specifically, an argument is a structured set of sentences designed to convince someone of something. The structure is very important. It’s so important in fact that logicians have given names to the parts of an argument. So here is a textbook definition of an argument: